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Guide to Common Cattle Breeds in North America Beef (2)

June 17, 2023
North America is home to a wide variety of cattle breeds, each with its own unique characteristics and uses. This guide will provide an overview of the most common cattle breeds in North America, including their history, physical traits, and uses. We will also discuss the differences between beef and dairy cattle breeds and how they are used in the beef industry. Finally, we will look at some of the challenges facing North American beef producers today.

The previous article introduced the cattle breeds that are famous for milk production. This time, letโ€™s take a look at the special meat-producing breeds. Later, we will organize a special article on Wagyu.

cattle breeds
cattle breeding
cattle types

๐Ÿฎ Black Angus Cattle

Appearance: Medium to large, all black outer coat

Origin: Scotland

Characteristics: Known for its fat marbling, which contributes to the tenderness and flavor of the meat

Palate: Highly regarded for its exceptional tenderness, juiciness and intense flavor

PS. Red Angus cattle are red and have similar meat quality

๐Ÿ‚ Highland Cattle

Appearance: Long, shaggy hair and long curving horns in black, red, tabby or tan

Origin: Scottish Highlands region

Features: Adapt to rugged and harsh environments, with excellent feed intake ability

Type: A dual-purpose breed that can be used in both meat and dairy production, but is more common in beef cattle production

Taste: Known for its lean meat, good marbling and distinctive flavor

PS. Basically similar to Scottish Highland cattle

๐Ÿ‚ Belted Galloway Cattle

Appearance: Medium-sized breed with a distinctive white "belt" that is usually black or red

Origin: Scotland, specifically the Galloway area

Traits: Known for its hardiness, hardiness, and efficient feed intake

Taste: Tender, known for its juiciness and flavor

๐Ÿ‚ Charolais Cattle

Appearance: Large breed with a white or creamy white coat, muscular body, and broad build

Origin: France, specifically the Charolais region

Characteristics: Known for its fast growth rate, good feed conversion efficiency and excellent carcass characteristics

Palate: Tender, rich and marbled

๐Ÿ‚ Brahman Cattle

Appearance: Large breed with large, pendulous ears and loose skin, usually gray or dark brown

Origin: Indian Subcontinent

Features: Adapts to hot and humid climates, has heat resistance and disease resistance

Taste: Rougher texture, often used in processed meat products such as sausages and cans

๐Ÿ‚ Dexter cattle:

Appearance: Small variety, usually black, red or yellowish

Origin: Ireland

Features: small size, easy to raise and manage

Taste: The meat is tender and has a good taste and flavor

๐Ÿ‚ Hereford Cattle

Appearance: Medium to large breed with a red body and white face, chest and limbs

Origin: United Kingdom

Features: good adaptability, cold resistance and good meat quality

Taste: Fresh and juicy, with good taste and flavor

๐Ÿ‚ Piedmontese Piedmont cattle

Appearance: Medium to large breed, usually light gray or light brown in color

Origin: Italy

Features: special double muscle fibers in the muscle

Taste: Delicate, unique flavor